A STUDY ON THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE REFORMING OF METHANE: A REVIEW

L. S. Neiva, L. Gama

Abstract


Natural gas is a fossil fuel which is more suitable as raw materials for alternative energy generation. To be inserted in the global energy production as feedstock for power generation, natural gas needs to undergo a chemical technique known as reforming. The reforming of natural gas or reforming of methane, as it is also known, can be performed by different chemical techniques, each one with advantages and disadvantages with respect to cost/benefit ratio. The product of the reforming of natural gas, regardless of the process used for its realization, is a mixture of gases known as syngas. The aim of this work is to show the importance of the reforming of natural gas for alternative energy generation and analyze the differences between the methods used for the conversion of natural gas in syngas. A review of the literature on this subject is presented, including a discussion on the importance of developing the catalytic systems employed in the process of reforming of methane. Also, the challenges and future perspectives for this process have been considered.

Keywords


reforming of methane; syngas; catalytic system; hydrogen; energy generation

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5419/bjpg2010-0013